Regulatory Overview

The storage, transportation, handling and use of propane is regulated by a variety of Acts and Regulations within Federal, Provincial, and Territorial jurisdictions.

This is only an overview and is not intended to be a comprehensive and exhaustive list of requirements. Each jurisdiction in Canada interprets and adopts national regulations and codes according to its mandate and authority. For specific and up-to-date information pertaining to your area, it is important to consult the regulatory authority in your area for complete details.

For a list of provincial and federal regulatory authorities that have jurisdiction over the propane industry select one of the following contact sheets:

Canadian Standards Association (CSA) B149 Series

The Canadian Standards Association (CSA) develops national codes for many aspects of the propane industry. These code are then adopted (usually with regional specific requirements) by each of the provinces.

The primary CSA codes affecting the propane industry are the B149 series codes which cover the safe installation, storage and handling of propane. The CSA also develops other codes pertaining to containers and other pressure vessels used in the propane industry.

For more information on CSA codes, please see the CSA website.

Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act

Transport Canada’s Transport Dangerous Goods (TDG) Directorate serves as the major source of regulatory development, information and guidance on dangerous goods transport.

The transportation of propane is regulated under the federal Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) Act and Regulations. The TDG Act and Regulations specify certain requirements for transporting propane, such as means of containment, permits and emergency response assistance plans.

  • TDG Emergency Response Assistance Plans (ERAPs)
    The TDG Act requires that before a person offers for transport or imports certain dangerous goods, the person must have an approved Emergency Response Assistance Plan (ERAP).
    See the TDG website for more about ERAPs.
    For assistance with your ERAP, please see the Emergency Response Assistance Canada (ERAC) website.
  • Equivalency Certificates (Permits)
    If a person wishes to carry on an activity related to transporting dangerous goods in a way that is not technically in compliance with the TDG Regulations, he or she can apply for a permit for the activity if it can be shown to provide an equivalent level of safety and compliance with the intent of the regulations.
    The CPA has applied for and holds a number of these valid permits on behalf of members. For more information on equivalency certificates, see our Equivalency Certificates page.

For information on the TDG Act, Regulations or the Transport Dangerous Goods Directorate please see the Transport Canada website.

Environment and Climate Change Canada’s Environmental Emergency (E2) Regulations

The objectives of the E2 Regulations under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA) are to reduce the frequency and consequences of uncontrolled, unplanned or accidental releases of hazardous substances into the environment.

Under these regulations, Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) requires any person who owns or manages propane on a property, at or above the threshold of 4.5 tonnes, to notify ECCC when this quantity threshold is met or when the maximum container capacity meets or exceeds this threshold.  If the total quantity and container capacity threshold are both met, there is an additional requirement to prepare and exercise an E2 plan. The E2 plan ensures that any individual that owns or manages specific toxic or hazardous substances above a certain threshold has a plan for preparedness, prevention, response and recovery in the event of an environmental emergency.

Note: an E2 Plan is not the same as an ERAP! For more information visit the Environment and Climate Change Canada website.

Training Courses by the Propane Training Institute

The CPA's Propane Training Institute (PTI) offers dozens of courses to the industry that are recognized by regulatory authorities across Canada, certifying over 30,000 students annually on the safe handling of propane. Visit the Training section of our website for more information.