The storage, transportation, handling and use of propane is regulated by a variety of Acts and Regulations within Federal, Provincial, and Territorial jurisdictions.
This is only an overview and is not intended to be a comprehensive and exhaustive list of requirements. Each jurisdiction in Canada interprets and adopts national regulations and codes according to its mandate and authority. For specific and up-to-date information pertaining to your area, it is important to consult the regulatory authority in your area for complete details.
For a list of provincial and federal regulatory authorities that have jurisdiction over the propane industry select one of the following contact sheets:
Canadian Standards Association (CSA) B149 Series
The Canadian Standards Association (CSA) develops national codes for many aspects of the propane industry. These code are then adopted (usually with regional specific requirements) by each of the provinces.
The primary CSA codes affecting the propane industry are the B149 series codes which cover the safe installation, storage and handling of propane. The CSA also develops other codes pertaining to containers and other pressure vessels used in the propane industry.
CPA members can purchase the CSA code books in hard copy format from the Propane Training Institute and receive a discount. Electronic versions purchased from the CSA website do not qualify for discounts offered to CPA members.
For more information on CSA codes, please see the CSA website.
Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act
Transport Canada’s Transport Dangerous Goods (TDG) Directorate serves as the major source of regulatory development, information and guidance on dangerous goods transport.
The transportation of propane is regulated under the federal Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) Act and Regulations. The TDG Act and Regulations specify certain requirements for transporting propane, such as means of containment, permits and emergency response assistance plans.
- TDG Emergency Response Assistance Plans (ERAPs)
The TDG Act requires that before a person offers for transport or imports certain dangerous goods, the person must have an approved Emergency Response Assistance Plan (ERAP).
See the TDG website for more about ERAPs.
For assistance with your ERAP, please see the Emergency Response Assistance Canada (ERAC) website.
- Equivalency Certificates (Permits)
If a person wishes to carry on an activity related to transporting dangerous goods in a way that is not technically in compliance with the TDG Regulations, he or she can apply for a permit for the activity if it can be shown to provide an equivalent level of safety and compliance with the intent of the regulations.
The CPA has applied for and holds a number of these valid permits on behalf of members. For more information on equivalency certificates, see our Equivalency Certificates page.
For information on the TDG Act, Regulations or the Transport Dangerous Goods Directorate please see the Transport Canada website.
Environment Canada's Environmental Emergency (E2) Regulations
Environment Canada ensures that the environment and human health is protected against and in the event of a release of a toxic or hazardous substance under the Environmental Emergencies (E2) Regulations of the Environmental Protection Act.
These regulations require certain propane users with large quantities of propane (4.5 to 9 tonnes) on their property to have an Environmental Emergency Response Plan (EERP). This plan ensures that any individual that owns or manages specific toxic or hazardous substances above a certain threshold has a plan for preparedness, prevention, response and recovery in the event of an emergency.
Note: an EERP is not the same as an ERAP! For more information visit the Environment Canada website.
Training Courses by the Propane Training Institute
The CPA's Propane Training Institute (PTI) offers dozens of courses to the industry that are recognized by regulatory authorities across Canada, certifying over 30,000 students annually on the safe handling of propane. Visit the Training section of our website for more information.